A rug can be made by hand using several techniques and different materials. Each yarn comes with its own characteristic property, appeal, strength and durability. Soft, delicate, lustrous and luxurious – based on these qualities, we choose the material to achieve the kind of look we desire. Apart from the traditionally used materials like silk, wool and cotton, there are many new materials being used today – bamboo silk, banana silk, saree silk and the eco-friendly option, PET yarn.
We love working with natural materials. There are many ways in which the yarn is woven, knotted, twisted and looped to create a handmade rug. Different techniques give rise to different textures from fine to flat, chunky to shaggy. Here is an introduction to the step-by-step process of making a hand-made rug.
It is a process of separating individual fibres of raw wool by hand to disentangle and straighten them.
The carded wool is spun into yarn by using a charkha or a spinning wheel. Yarn of various thicknesses can be produced at this stage.
The traditional pot dyeing method has been largely replaced by machine dyeing in closed chambers.
In a traditional set-up, dyeing is done under the sun, but many manufacturers today use drying machines that can control the temperature and moisture of the carpet.
After the carpet is finished, it is packed and bailed for marketing.
A hand painted plan of the design sits behind the loom for the weavers to follow. It specifies the colour and position of every knot..
Expert craftsmen weave the rugs on the loom using various techniques. Handloom rugs are made on a loom with a shuttle. Hand-knotted rugs are made by knotting the yarn around the vertical warp.
It is done as the first wash to clean the carpet and for removal of dust and dirt or any stains. Washing lends it the required luster.
After the carpet is washed, the piles are cut to level to achieve a perfectly even height.
This is the finishing step in the manufacturing of carpet. The clipping is done with minute detailing.
The final stage involves neatly wrapping the sides of the rug in a yarn that matches the design. The rug is then ready for its new home.